Ranthambore National Park


Ranthambore Park is a ‘National’ park situated in Rajasthan, India. This has an area of 515 sq. mi (1,334 km). The Banas River binds this park to the North and the Chambal River does the same to the South. This park is named after the fort of the same name that lies within the park.

This park holds a significant status in India’s tourism sector with its distinct class and charm. Though the Ranthambore National Park is not the biggest, it is definitely the most famous park in India.

The Ranthambore Park is situated in the vicinity of the Vindhya Plateau and the Aravali hills. This is revered highly for the significant number of the Royal Bengal Tigers. This tiger reserve here is popular among the lovers of wild life. You can spot a tiger very easily during a day safari.

Thousands of tiger lovers from all over the world visit this park daily as there are many popular tigers living here. One of the tigers by the name of Machli, was the most celebrated tiger globally. She died in 2016 leaving many legends of her youth. Her prodigy of strength and bravery has inspired a number of documentaries based on wildlife.


Ranthambore National Park was first established in 1955 as Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary. This, initially, covered an area of 109 sq mi (282 km). In 1973 this was declared as one of the reserves for Project Tiger. On 1st of November in 1980, this became the National Park. The forests that were adjacent to this park were declared as the Keladevi Sanctuary and Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary. The Tiger Reserve was expanded in 1982, including the Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and the Keladevi Sanctuary.

Top Things to Do in Ranthambore

Here are some of the top things you can opt for when visiting Ranthambore.

  1. WildLife

Ranthambore is home to a large number of reptiles, mammals, and different species of birds. As mentioned, this National Park is known to be the home to the Royal Bengal Tigers. Besides this, the National park is also home to leopards, Tigers, Sambar deer, Striped Hyenas, Nilgai, Chital, Hanuman or Common Langurs, Jungle cats, Cooman yellow bats, Fivestriped Palm Squirels, Indian Flying Foxes, vampires, and a lot more.

Ranthambore is considered to be one of the best destinations for tiger sighting.

The different reptiles found here include Snub Nosed Marsh crocodiles, Desert Monitor Lizards, Banded Kraits, Common Craits, Cobras, and Indian Pythons, turtles, Rat snakes and more.

  1. Bird Watching

Besides different fauna, Ranthambore is perfect for all the bird-lovers. This is home to around 320 species of different birds including kingfisher, painted spurfowl, sarus crane, jacana that is bronze winged, painted sandgrouse, and also the great horned owl.

In winter you find a number of migratory birds flying to Ranthambore. Most of these birds inhabit the different areas around the three lakes, Malik Talao, Padam Talao and Rajbagh Talao.

The important birds found in Ranthambore are Woodpeckers, Graylag Goose, Common Kingifshers, Cuckoos, Bee eaters and more.

  1. Canter Safari

Canter Safari is considered to be the most ideal way you can enjoy the wildlife of Ranthambore. This is an open bus with 20 seats operating in specific safari zones in Ranthambore. Instead of hiring 2 to 3 jeeps, large groups can opt for this canter safari. It is advisable to book well in advance instead of rushing at the last minute.

  1. Ranthambore Fort

The Ranthambore fort has been declared as the world heritage site of UNESCO due to its significance historically. This is located inside the National park, around 13km from the Sawai Madhopar station. This fort was built in 944 AD. The Ranthambore fort was considered to be a strategic fort during the many battles here and thus was captured a number of times by the different rulers.

  1. Trinetra Ganesha Temple

The Ganesha temple that is located at the Fort’s entrance has been famous among the many devotees of Lord Ganesha. This temple is considered to be special as it has the idol of Ganesha with both his wives, Ridhi and Sidhi. There are multiple legends about the foundation.

This temple follows a unique tradition. The devotees send postal invitations to Lord Ganesha for attending any auspicious occasion. Thousands of letters are received by the temple and each of the letters is read in front of the idol by the priest.

  1. Jogi Mahal

The Jogi Mahal is a tourist attraction that was once a resting place for those Royals who had gone hunting to Ranthambore. This Mahal is at the banks of Lake Padam and tends to be a beautiful place for all those who are in love with the mountains. The banyan tree that is near this palace is said to be the second largest tree in the whole country.

  1. Bakula Region

Bakula is the perfect place for tiger sighting. This has a beautiful landscape covered with water bodies and dense greenery. Bakula has not only forested land but also water holes and ponds that give a special effect of wilderness to Ranthambore.

How to Reach Ranthambore?

By Rail

The nearest railway station to this National Park is the Sawai Madhopor station. This is at a distance of only 11km from Ranthambore forest. This railway station is connected to most of the major cities that include Mumbai, Delhi, Jaipur and more. You have the choice of catching a bus or hiring a cab to reach the park from the railway station.

By Air

Jaipur international Airport is the nearest airport to Ranthambore. This is at a distance of around 160km from the park. There are a number of flights that connect Jaipur to different cities in India.

By Road

There is a road that directly connects Ranthambore forest to cities like Udaipur, Jaipur, Kota. This is connected to major cities. You can plan a direct road trip from Mumbai, Delhi or probably Jaipur.

The Ranthambore National Park is open from the 1st of October to the 30th June. The weather is pleasant during this time and works out ideal for tourism.