Jim Corbett National Park

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Located in the district of Nainital in the state of Uttarkhand in India, Jim Corbett Park is a national park. This park was established during the British Raj in the year 1936. At that time this was named after the governor of the united Provinces, William Malcolm Hailey, as the Hailey National Park.

After India’s independence, in the year 1956, the park was renamed as the ‘Corbett National Park’. This was named after Jim Corbett who was a naturalist and a hunter. He had played an important role in establishing this park. He died in 1955. This was the first park to come under the initiative of ‘Project Tiger’.

Corbett National Park comprises 201.1 sq mi (520.8km) the area of the hills, marshy depressions, riverine belts, a large lake and also grasslands. This elevation ranges from 400 to 1200 m (1,300 to 4,000 ft). The days are sunny and bright but the nights in winter are cold. The monsoons are from the month of July to the month of September. The characteristics of this park are ecological and geographical sub-Himalayan belt.

The deciduous and dense forests consist of haldu, salt, mango, rohini and peepal trees. Almost 73% of the forests are covered by trees. Besides the diverse variety of fauna, this park has almost 488 species of plants. Almost 10% of the area is covered by grasslands with 110 species of different trees. You also find 50 types of mammals and 580 species of birds and 25 species of reptiles. The activities of the tourists seem to be increasing with the passing of time and this is now a big challenge to the ecological balance of the park.

Zones of the Jim Corbett National Park

This park is divided into five parts. Though these are similar to one another but have a specific uniqueness about them.

  1. Bijrani Zone

This is 1km from Ramnagar and has green and lush surroundings. If you take a safari to this zone there are good chances of you spotting a tiger.

  1. Jhirna Zone

Jhirna zone is almost 16km from Ramnagar. You can visit this anytime of the year.

  1. Dhela Zone

Located 13km from Ramnagar, the Dhela zone offers you some buffer area. You find endless greenery here.

  1. Dhikala Zone

To get a thorough feel of this zone, you need to spend the night here. This is known for its rich biodiversity.

  1. Durga Devi Zone

Though you might not spot any tiger in this zone, you can look out for the different species of birds here. The distance from Ramnagar is almost 36kms.

Things to Do in Corbett National Park

Considered to be one of the most popular national parks in India, there are many activities that you can enjoy in the Jim Corbett National Park. The most interesting activity you can choose is observing the animals in a natural habitat. There are unique activities for all those who love adventure.

Listed below are some of the activities you can enjoy in this national park.

  1. Elephant Safari

You can enjoy some quality time with elephants here. You can enjoy the breathtaking views of the surroundings with the ‘right’ company, that is, the elephants. A trained mahout will help you with a ride over the elephant. This is one way in which you can enjoy the forestland from a ‘safe’ height of 9 or 10 feet. You can spot different reptiles and mammals from here.

  1. Camping

As this park is spread over a huge area, camping works perfect. You get to spend some quality time with nature. You have the option of booking a package for camping. This can include guided tours, fishing trips, bonfires and a lot more.

  1. Corbett Waterfall

Located at a distance of almost 25km from Ramnagar, the Corbett Waterfall is a ‘must’ see. It is advisable to see this from a distance as this is infested with different reptiles and snakes.

Dense teak forests surround the Corbett Waterfall. The birds chirping and the sound of the waterfall is definitely melodious.

You can also enter here from Kaladhungi,that is at a distance of 4km.

  1. Garjia Temple

The Garjia temple is located near Kosiriver, on a large rock. This is considered to be the most famous temple of Nainital. Thousands of devotees visit this temple during the months of November and December. There is a statue dating back to the 9th century, of Vishnu (Laxmi-Narayan).

This statue is made of granite that is black. This is rarely found at present. It is auspicious to visit this temple during Karthik-Poornima.

  1. Bird Watching

Jim Corbett National Park works out to be an ideal place for all the bird lovers. It is unbelievable that this park houses around 650 species of birds. Winters is the best time to visit this park if you intend going there for bird watching. Between November and December you have the migratory birds visiting India. Some of the birds found here are the robvin, forest dove, flinch, Siberian crane, kingfisher and hornbill.

  1. Fishing

For all those who love to cook and fish, this National park is the perfect place. Ramganga River here is perfect. You have different local fish here. Some of the other variety of fish found in this river is Goonch and Masheer. Fishing here can be done near Bandharan Bashal, Balyali, Rikawasi and Matwash.

Best Time to Visit Jim Corbett National Park

You need to first decide on the purpose of visiting the Jim Corbett National Park before planning out the ‘perfect’ time. If you are inclined towards sighting tigers, then summers work out the best time. For all the bird lovers, winters work out ideal. For those looking for a leisure stay you can plan on early summer or even winter.

The temperature during summer can be anywhere between 32 degrees to 42 degrees, ad this might be a little uncomfortable for many. During the months of August and September the monsoons are in full swing.