Nagaland

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Introduction

Nagaland is a picturesque state located in the extreme north eastern region of India. It is surrounded on the west and north by Assam, on the east by Myanmar and on the south by Manipur. History of the place is undocumented, however it was under the Assam Cacharis first and for them the Nagas were a boon as they were great warriors. With their help, Myanmar and Assam were raided by the Cacharis. From 1832 to 1879, colonialists from Britain fought many battles trying to control the Nagas. During World War II, the Japanese attacked and Kohima was under siege. After India’s independence, Nagaland fought for autonomy after which it became a state that is fiercely independent. It still holds on to its culture, values and traditions, despite modernization being attempted there.

 

Best Time To Visit

Out of the thirteen Hot Spots of the world, Nagaland is one that enjoys a sub alpine and sub tropical climate both. The region is hilly. All through the year, the climate is salubrious and pleasant except in the foothill region. October to May is the best time to visit Nagaland as it does not rain during these months. Between the months of June to September there are torrential rains leading to disruption of communication systems.

 

How To Reach

By Road

Guwahati, Shillong and Kohima are connected well by an excellent road network. Kohima is well linked to other towns and cities in Nagaland by road. Buses to Kohima from Dimapur are made available on a regular basis by the state transport. Luxury buses too are run by private travel agencies to the north eastern state capitals. Depending upon the distance to be travelled, tourists can get unmetered taxis, jeeps and mini coaches are negotiable rates.

By Rail

Guwahati is well linked to the Dimapur Railway Station in Nagaland. Many of the important trains connect Guwahati with many other major Indian cities.

By Air

There is a domestic airport at the capital of Nagaland at Dimapur. Major airlines provide services from this airport. Guwahati, Kolkata and other important cities are connected with Nagaland by air.

 

Availability Of Hotels And Restaurants

Different kinds of hotels ranging from luxury, deluxe, semi deluxe, budget friendly, condos, bed and breakfast arrangements are also available to suit the budget of tourists. Facilities and amenities in a wide range including running hot and cold water, cable TV, intercom, room service, car parking, laundry, restaurant, standby generator, internet, communication centre, conference hall, fitness centre, large clean and spacious rooms etc are provided. Most of the towns and cities in Nagaland are well equipped with accommodation facilities. In Dimapur, a commercial capital city, there are State Government run tourist lodges available. Resorts and hotels with all the amenities and facilities are available at a decent price. From Dimapur airport, many resorts are located at a few minutes distance.

At the hotels, restaurants and resorts, delicious international food and Indian food is served, to suit the palette of every tourist. Rice and meat is the favorite food of the Nagas which is served on banana leaves. Ginger stew and bland food containing boiled chicken, veggies and frogs when they are available during the season is the food of the local people. Zutho, a rice beer is the local liquor served with roasted red chili, soya bean and millet.

 

Best Places, Locations, Monuments

In India, this is one of the most colorful destinations with rich cultural and traditional heritage, exotic flora and fauna and landscapes that are exquisitely scenic. It is a land of the warm and hospitable Naga people. Many of the Nagas have got converted to Christianity. However remnants of their early ancient traditions and animist culture continue to be preserved. As indicated in history, the Naga people have been brave warriors always. For them, it is their prestige and honor to look after the security and safety of guests. They ensure that no harm is caused in any way to their visitors and guests. By race the Naga people belong to the Mongoloid stock. Languages spoken are of the Tibeto-Burman group.

Tourists needn’t worry as Hindi and English is widely spoken in Nagaland. Around sixteen tribes which are unique and different in terms of traditions and customs have been recognized officially in Nagaland. They enjoy a colorful culture and life. Festivals are celebrated with dance and songs around the cycle of agriculture. Tourists can visit almost any part of Nagaland as it is a hotspot for tourists. The government has promoted tourism by identifying many charming destinations and developing them further.

Thousands of international and domestic travelers get drawn to the rich culture and breathtaking beauty of Nagaland. The lush green forests, the thundering rivers and undulating mountains dot the entire region thus offering a lot to lovers of nature and adventure enthusiasts.

Tourists can indulge in various exhilarating adventure activities like angling, trekking, rafting on rivers, camping and rock climbing. Exciting long tours and treks are conducted by the department of tourism of Nagaland besides providing equipments for adventure activities at a nominal payment or on loan. At the reception centre a lot of information related to travel, popular destinations for trekking and travel can also be availed.

Some of the interesting places include Zunheboto, Dimapur, Tuensang, Mon, Mokokchung and Kohima. The other major attractions include the Nagaland State Museum, Satoi Range, Sales Emporium, Liphanyan Governor’s Camp, Zoological Park, Mount Totsu, Khonoma, Shilloi Lake, Japfu Peak and Dzukou Valley.

At Kohima, one can visit the heritage DC’s Bungalow, World War II cemetery, Dzukou valley for camping and trekking, State Museum, Heritage Museum and Craft Centre located at Khonoma, Catholic Cathedral, Belho Weavers and the Gurtel shop. In Dimapur, tourists can visit the North East Zone Cultural Centre, the Medeival Kachari kingdom’s ruins, Rangapahar Reserve Forest, Handloom and Handicrafts Emporium and Diezehe Craft Village.

For off the road driving experience, Longleng is a true paradise for adventure seekers. At Mokochung, there is the AKM monument, villages like Mopongchuket, Molung, Langpanglong, Chuchuyimlang and Ungma, besides the Tangkum Marok Spring, Longritzu Lenden valley and Mongzu ki caves.

At Mon one can visit the waterfall, village markets, Veda Peak, lovely villages and stone monoliths. At Peren too there are beautiful tourist villages like Mt. Pauna and Benreu with stone monoliths and carvings surrounding it. Wokha is popular for its beautiful valley, lagoons, the Doyang River, Totsu cliff and Mt.Tiyi. At Zunheboto tourists can visit the Sumi Naga villages, the Satoi range, Ghosu bird sanctuary and the forest, lake and village at Aizuto.