Jammu and Kashmir

0
354

Introduction

In the Himalayas is cradled, an emerald valley, against a snow capped mountain backdrop and under crystalline and clear skies, called Kashmir. It is aptly called the ‘The Paradise on Earth’ or the ‘The Heaven on Earth’ as exclaimed by the great Mughal Emperors. Jammu and Kashmir consists of three regions, Ladakh, Srinagar and Jammu. In northern India it is the hottest spot for tourists. It showcases itself as if it is a valley right out of paradise due to its scenic landscapes and pleasant and cool climate. The icy rivers, exotic valleys and snowy peaks are inviting and call for exploration.

Tourists can book any of the reputed holiday tours and packages and enjoy viewing the majestic and huge peaks of the Himalayas, row across the rivers and climb mountains. With the divine valleys, luxurious house boats and sumptuous food, tourists can feel assured that they will not have a dull moment at all in Jammu and Kashmir. Kashmir is a word meaning ‘desiccated land’ derived from Sanskrit. Hindu mythology indicates that it was a lake formerly which the Kashyapa the great sage drained and asked Brahmans to reside there. As per legends, it was founded in the 14th century by Raja Jamboolochan as Jamboo town which became Jammu as the name got corrupted as time passed!

 

Best Time To Visit

All through the year it is cool here and makes a perfect retreat during summer time. September to April is the best time to visit Jammu and Kashmir the winter capital where snow covered mountains and landscapes with colorful flowers can be seen. Jammu enjoys a subtropical climate with very cold winters and very hot summers.

 

How To Reach

By Road

The National Highway 1A connects Jammu to all parts of India. The roads to Delhi, Amritsar, Katra and Chandigarh are well maintained. Air conditioned, private deluxe buses and other state roadway buses link this state to Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana and Delhi.

By Rail

Around 305 km from Srinagar is the Jammu Tawi railhead. It is connected well to Pune, Calcutta, Delhi, Madras, Mumbai and other destinations in India by rail. There are no train connection in Leh and Srinagar.

By Air

At Leh, Srinagar and Jammu are the 3 domestic airports of Jammu and Kashmir which are connected well to Mumbai and Delhi.

 

Availability Of Hotels And Restaurants

Heartwarming hospitality is offered to tourists at the hotels. Both the local, Indian and international cuisines offered are mouth watering. Hotels are available in Jammu and Kashmir in sufficient numbers and at reasonable prices for the top quality services offered. Thousands of tourists find the boat houses an attractive choice for attaining salvation, peace and quiet. Youth hostels, tourist bungalows, house boats, villas, apartments, deluxe and semi deluxe hotels, luxury hotels, classic hotels, condos, apartments etc are available here at affordable prices.

Different kinds of world class facilities and amenities are offered to suit the taste of foreign tourists and domestic tourists. Personalized and professional services and facilities like secretarial services, travel desk, air conditioned rooms, internet, television, doctor on call, shopping arcade, in house laundry, health centre, fitness centre, beauty parlor for men and women, conferencing facilities, housekeeping, currency exchange, safe deposit, dry cleaning, locker, banquets etc are all provided at most Jammu and Kashmir hotels.

 

Best Places, Locations, Monuments Etc

Jammu and Kashmir is one of the best destinations to head to for horse riding, fishing, trekking, camping, skiing, golfing and lots more. The biggest flower gardens in India are located here. During winter it offers excellent skiing and golfing opportunities at Gulmarg. For trekkers, the Himalayas are the best choice. Houseboats move over the serene waters of lakes allowing couples and honeymooners enjoy a married life. The mighty Chinar trees offer soothing shade for traveler, couples and honeymooners.

At the foot of the Himalayas is located the gateway of Kashmir, called Jammu city. It has been pilgrimage centre for people of the Dogra culture. In Jammu a picturesque spot for picnicking is Surinsar Lake and Mansar Lake. Tourist bungalows and huts are available as accommodation in the hills. Mata Vaishno Devi is a famous pilgrimage site at Katra located at a distance of 50 kms from Jammu. In the months of September, October, March and April, pilgrims reach here in their thousands especially during Navratri celebrations. From Katra it is located at a trek of 15 kms. Helicopter services, medical aid, snack bars, drinking water and other facilities are made available to ensure a comfortable trek to the shrine. On the Chenab river is located another picnic spot, Akhnoor. A hill station, Patnitop can be visited during September to October and May to June. It is beautifully surrounded by lush green pines and dense woods. Sledging and skiing can be enjoyed in the snow here.

Srinagar also termed as the ‘Venice of the Orient’ is the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir since 2000 years. This gateway to Ladakh is located at an elevation of 1700 meters. In Srinagar are the popular Naseem Lake, Nageen Lake and Dal Lake where one can stay at the charming and quaint houseboats. All facilities like sun deck, dining room, sitting room, 2-3-4 bedrooms with attached bath, attendant to serve food etc are provided at the houseboats. Floating gardens can be explored while journeying on the Shikara boats. In Kashmir the houseboats were introduced accidently when the British military and civil officer had to build houses for themselves as the Kashmir King prevented them from purchasing land. ‘Victory’ was the first houseboat created in 1888 by Mr. M.T. Kenhard.

The other interesting places to visit include Pahalgam, a famous holiday resort, and an excellent place for fishing trouts and trekking. Gulmarg, also called the ‘Meadow of Flowers’ is best for pony riding, golfing, trekking and walking in the beautiful surrounding. The world’s highest green golf course is located in Gulmarg and cable cars can be used by tourists to ferry up.

Sonmarg called the ‘Golden Meadow’ is filled with beautiful glaciers and mountains. The other destinations to head to in Jammu and Kashmir are Nishat Bagh, Shalimar Bagh, Harwan Garden, Cheshma Shahi garden, Pari Mahal, Hari Parbat hill, Shankaracharya temple, Jamia Masjid, Hazratbal, Tomb of Zain-Ul-Abidin, Pather Masjit and Shah Hamdan. The other famous lakes are Manasbal Lake, Wular Lake, Anchar Lake which is a paradise for bird watchers.